Since the mid of XX century, power sports are inextricably linked with the achievements of modern biomedical science. Scientists and pharmacists are constantly looking for new medications that allow sportspeople to build muscle faster, to become stronger, to withstand heavy workloads. Alas, in search of ways to improve performance, most attention is paid to artificial medicaments, such as steroids. In this short scientifically-based essay, we will tell you about the using of steroids in sports.
Steroids in Sports – Corticosteroids and Estrogens
Let’s consider the use of corticosteroids (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids), as well as estrogens in sports.
1. Glucocorticoids are used by sports medicine practitioners as efficient anti-inflammatory remedies for the treatment of acute & chronic injuries of soft tissues (muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, synovial membranes, etc.) and joints. Their usage can be general, local and focal (introduction of the drug directly into the joint or periarticular tissues). Should steroids be used? Definitely yes, this type of steroidal substances is necessary for some athletes e.g. for treating injuries.
2. Mineralocorticoid meds are virtually not used by sportsmen. According to Sportwiki, aldosterone (a pregnane-based steroidal hormone) is responsible for the preservation of sodium (Na), hence it can indirectly help activate anabolic potential. It is the main mineralocorticoid. However, it is not available as a pharmaceutical preparation. The only mineralocorticoid-based med is fludrocortisone, which is sold under numerous brands, such as Astonin, Cortilon, Florinef, Lonikan, Cortineff, Cortineff ophtalm, Florinef Acetaat, Florinefe, Flucortac, Systen, Fludrocortisonacetaat CF, Fludrocortisone Genepharm, Neoproct (enriched with lidocaine). However, researchers A. Rotunno, DC Janse van Rensburg and others in their article “Corticosteroids in sports-related injuries: Friend or Foe” (South African Family Practice, 2016) noted that glucocorticoids express mineralocorticoid effects and vice versa.
3. Some studies show that estrogens can increase muscle strength in gals. However, their use in sports is not common. They’re usually taken by female athletes based on determined medical indications. In such cases, they are considered legal steroids. They’re sold under multiple brand names, for instance (estradiol-based meds), Climara, Climaderm, Progynova, Gynodiol, Estrasorb, Vivelle-Dot, Depo-Estradiol, Estring, Minivelle, Eutocol, Delestrogen, Evafem, Zumenon, and an innumerable amount of others.
Anabolic Versions of Steroids in Professional Sports
As for anabolic variations of steroids in professional sports, their use without medical indications is considered doping. Should steroids be legal? There are many views on this matter: from supporting to rejecting. However, in most countries, these substances are banned. Nevertheless, sportspersons take steroids (such as boldenone cypionate) in large quantities and often combine several drugs. However, large doses are not taken continuously. Steroid “therapy” lasts from 4 to 18 weeks, then it stops for a period of 1 to 12 months. This is called a “cycle”. Combinations of drugs and patterns of cycles alter substantially depending on the drugs and features of a person. Currently used doses are at least by 1/3 higher than those applied by bodybuilders of the past. There is little scientific research in this area and there is no reliable data regarding the proper scheme of steroid administration.
Use of Steroids and Other Topics on Trusted Website
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