Since the mid 20th century, power sports have been inextricably linked with the achievements of modern biomedical science. Scientists and pharmacists are constantly looking for new medications that allow athletes to build muscle faster, to become stronger, and to withstand heavier workloads. Alas, in the search performance enhancement methods, most attention is paid to artificial medicaments, such as steroids. In this short scientifically based essay, we’ll tell you about the usage of steroids in sports.
Steroids in Sports—Corticosteroids and Estrogen
Let’s consider the use of corticosteroids (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids), as well as estrogen in sports.
- Glucocorticoids are used by sports medicine practitioners as efficient anti-inflammatory remedies for the treatment of acute and chronic injuries of soft tissues (muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, synovial membranes, etc.) and joints. Their usages can be general, local, and focal (introducing the drug directly to the joint or periarticular tissues). Should these steroids be used? Definitely yes, this type of steroidal substance is necessary for some athletes, e.g. for treating injuries.
- Mineralocorticoid meds are virtually ignored by sportsmen. According to Sportwiki, aldosterone (a pregnane-based steroidal hormone) is responsible for the preservation of sodium (Na), hence it can indirectly help activate anabolic potential. It’s the main mineralocorticoid. However, it’s not available as a pharmaceutical preparation. The only mineralocorticoid-based medicine is fludrocortisone, which is sold under numerous brands such as Astonin, Cortilon, Florinef, Lonikan, Cortineff, Cortineff Ophtalm, Florinef Acetaat, Florinefe, Flucortac, Systen, Fludrocortisonacetaat CF, Fludrocortisone Genepharm, Neoproct (enriched with lidocaine). However, researchers A. Rotunno and DC Janse van Rensburg, among others in their article “Corticosteroids in sports-related injuries: Friend or Foe” (South African Family Practice, 2016) noted that glucocorticoids express mineralocorticoid effects and vice versa.
- Some studies show that estrogens can increase muscle strength in gals. However, their use in sports is not common. They’re usually taken by female athletes based on determined medical indications. In such cases, they’re considered legal steroids. They’re sold under multiple brand names, for instance (estradiol-based meds) like Climara, Climaderm, Progynova, Gynodiol, Estrasorb, Vivelle-Dot, Depo-Estradiol, Estring, Minivelle, Eutocol, Delestrogen, Evafem, Zumenon, and an innumerable amount of others.
Anabolic Versions of Steroids in Professional Sports
As for anabolic variations of steroids in professional sports, their use without medical indications is known as doping. Should steroids be legal? There are many views on this matter: ranging from wholly supportive of their utilization to rejecting the matter entirely. However, in most countries, these substances are banned. Nevertheless, sportsmen and women take steroids (such as Boldenone cypionate) in large quantities and often combine it with several other drugs as well. However, large doses are not usually taken continuously. Steroid “therapy” lasts anywhere from 4 to 18 weeks, then it will stop for a period of 1 to 12 months. This is called a “cycle.” Combinations of drugs and patterns of cycles alter substantially depending on the drugs and features of a person. Popular doses are at least 1/3 higher than those applied by bodybuilders of the past. There is little scientific research in this area and there is no reliable data regarding the proper scheme of steroid administration.
Use of Steroids and Other Topics on Trusted Websites
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