Your relatives or friends may take them to cope with asthma symptoms. Someone of your surrounding peers may deny consuming them, but you might notice them getting crazy easily, or even angry, without reason—but it’s a dead giveaway. Additionally, on a grander scale, famous athletes desperately try to hide consuming them. Otherwise, they risk getting caught via a blood test and subsequently disqualified.
It’s all about steroids. In this comprehensive article, we’ll give answers to such questions like what are steroids, and what do steroids do, and more.
What Are Steroids—Knowledge From the Beginning
Steroids are organic compounds with a distinctive molecular configuration, containing four rings. Examples include dietary cholesterol, the “chief” male (testosterone), female sex hormones (estradiol), and dexamethasone (an anti-inflammatory drug).
Steroids function in two main directions. Some, like cholesterol from cellular membranes, modify membrane fluidity. Essentially, they signal molecules aimed at activating special receptors.
What Do Steroids Do and How Are They Classified?
The following groups of steroid hormonal molecules are distinguished by their functions:
- Progestogens (progestagens or gestagens): they control uterine endometrium cyclical changes and guarantee pregnancy maintenance.
- Corticosteroids (corticoids):
Aldosterone, whose aim is to regulate blood pressure
Cortisol—this glucocorticoid suppresses the immune system
- Androgens: they include testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), androstenedione, androstenediol, androsterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Testosterone (“the king”) provides both developing and maintaining secondary sexual characters in men.
- Estrogens: these are feminine sex hormones, which perform the same function in women’s bodies as testosterone in men.
Natural and synthetic steroids with similar structures act in different physiological ways, therefore they’re widely used in medicine as anti-inflammatory, cardiac, contraceptive, and other remedies. For example, Clomid for women is an infertility medication.
How Do Steroids Work? The Effect on Your Body
Often steroids and their metabolites, affect our body similarly to signaling molecules. Cell membranes contain both steroids and phospholipids. Membrane fluidity decreases by cholesterol (a steroid precursor). Steroids, like lipids, are considered natural stores, where much energy is concentrated. However, these energy sources are atypical, as they metabolize and excrete in mammals.
How do steroids work? Diversely. For instance, corticosteroids aim to decrease inflammation and reduce immune system activity. Anabolics work by increasing muscle mass. Drugs based on the estradiol affect the female reproductive system.
How to Get Steroids?
Many guys and gals are interested in how to get steroids, but you can purchase them as medicines only if you have a certain disease or medical condition warranting a corresponding prescription.
Sometimes anabolics get prescribed to patients who suffer from anemias. They’re also appropriate tools for men, who cannot produce a sufficient quantity of testosterone without outside help. Besides, physicians usually prescribe corticosteroids, which function as swelling reducers.
It’s worth noting that corticosteroids do not damage our health when used properly, unlike anabolic steroids—these are commonly abused and/or misused.
You’ll never meet a qualified doctor who advises young, healthy people to consume anabolic steroids, especially not with the aim to build huge muscles. If a person requires them for other purposes, a healthcare professional’s prescription is absolutely compulsory. Its absence makes buying and consuming AAS illegal in most countries.
So, Where to Get Steroids?
You can buy drugs which contain steroidal substances in brick and mortar pharmacies—from big chains to mom and pop shops. Alternatively, you can employ the use of online services. Regarding juice, if you want to buy it, you should be aware that in most of the world it’s available exclusively on the black market.
There are two sources of illicit inventory on the black market. Products might be smuggled across the border from countries which don’t forbid using steroids and where they can be sold legally.
Another source is underground labs, where imported hormones are secretly manufactured into anabolics.
What Are Anabolic Steroids and How Do They Work?
The kind of steroids you definitely have heard most about is anabolic steroids. Their activity is almost identical to men’s sex hormones. That’s why doctors tend to prescribe them if they need to cure late onset puberty and steep musculature downfall in individuals who suffer from such dangerous illnesses as cancer or AIDS.
Unfortunately, many athletes, even famous ones, use these products illegally and dangerously uncontrolled for the purpose of growing massive muscles and achieving Herculean strength to gain an unfair advantage in competitions.
So, what are anabolic steroids? Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are meds designed imitate testosterone and DHT effects. With AAS, the formation of bodily protein gains momentum. Because this results in hypertrophy of muscle tissue (in medical science, this process is called anabolism), they’re a mainstream phenomenon in musclebuilding. The action of AAS is tritely divided into two directions, anabolic and androgenic effects:
- The anabolic effect manifests by intensifying protein production and hypertrophy of musculature.
- Androgenic effects result in masculinization (development of male traits in girls) and virilization (manifestation of male traits in men and in women on steroids).
Many unwanted effects are associated with androgen activity. These include acne, seborrhea, dandruff, body hair growth, baldness, prostatic hypertrophy, testicular atrophy, etc.
Why Are Steroids Illegal?
When people pose the question—why are steroids illegal, they mean AAS since corticosteroids and some other drugs are completely accessible in almost all countries if a person has certain medical reasons.
Control legislation differs significantly from one country to another. Most states forbid steroid circulation without an appropriate prescription. For instance, the United States government classifies steroids into three types in the Controlled Substances Act of 2004. All steroids are illegal when used without a doctor’s prescription.
However, it’s difficult to get the necessary prescription, because they’re hardly handed out freely. A valid medicinal argument, such as low testosterone disease (hypogonadism) or strict androgen suppression (andropause), should exist.
If you’ve somehow scored a prescription, the steroid dosage specified will certainly be less than what’s needed to grow serious muscle mass. In some occasions, athletes resort to using veterinary drugs, because a significant amount of steroids, which people can consume, is still not produced and distributed for humans.
Very few countries (Mexico, Thailand, and Moldova) allow for purchasing steroids without a prescription. However, even the complete legality of these drugs there doesn’t mean you can easily import them into your native country.
What Do Anabolic Steroids Do?
Let’s find the answer to the question of what do anabolic steroids do. These drugs, such as Stanozolol pills, are characterized by specific anabolic activity. Anabolism is the biosynthesis of various metabolic products (proteins, fats, carbohydrates). It’s unlike catabolism, which is the other metabolism constituent that causes decay (degradation).
Both processes are primarily carried out enzymatically. The most distinctive feature of these substances is their ability to promote protein synthesis in the body and cause a nitrogen excretion decrease. Anabolics also help the body repair calcium (Ca) in bone tissues. Clinically, their effect is manifested by augmenting appetite, enhancing performance, general condition, increasing weight of the body.
How Do Anabolic Steroids Work in the Body?
After falling into the bloodstream, AAS molecules spread throughout the whole body, where they react with the cells of skeletal muscle, sebaceous glands, hair pouches, some brain areas, and certain endocrine glands. These substances decompose in fats (fat soluble). This allows them to penetrate the fatty membranous layer.
There, AAS signal the nucleus androgen receptors and the cytoplasm. Triggered androgenic receptors communicate inside the cell nucleus, resulting in modifications in gene expression or promotion of the processes that deliver signals to other areas of the cell. As a result, it leads to the enhancement of all kinds of nucleic acid production and protein molecular creation. This is the most concise answer to the “how do anabolic steroids work” inquiry.
Such meds as Cabergoline are often used to sidestep and avoid the side effects of anabolic drugs.
Anabolic effects on fast bulking include:
- Better protein synthesis
- Shortening of recovery periods after training sessions
- Catabolic hormones’ (cortisol, etc.) effect decreasing
- Suppression of the formation of fatty deposits
- Enhancing metabolic reactions, which leads to the breakdown of fat cells
- Strong muscular memory activation