Steroids are hormones and meds based on synthetic variations of these hormones. In this article, we’ll tell you about types of steroids and types of anabolic steroids.
Types of steroids – corticosteroids
The first group of steroids is corticosteroids. As part of the regulatory endocrine system, they are produced by the adrenal cortex. In the body, corticosteroids act as regulators of metabolism being responsible for the metabolism of minerals, carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Also, the function of corticosteroids is to provide an adequate response of the body to stress, infection and inflammation. In medicine, synthesized analogues of hormones of the corticosteroid group are used. They are mainly applied for inflammatory diseases, respiratory system diseases, autoimmune processes (psoriasis, eczema, asthma, etc). In addition, they are used for organ transplantation to avoid rejection. There are a few different types of corticosteroids in the human body. These are glucocorticoids & mineralocorticoids:
1) the main glucocorticoids synthesized in the human body are hydrocortisone and cortisone;
2) the main mineralocorticoid is aldosterone.
There are many drugs on the market that mimic the effect of these natural substances. These drugs are legal steroids if you buy them by prescription.
Different types of estrogens & progesterone
The second group of steroids is estrogens. Estrogens are female sex hormones. They play a huge role in the development of the woman’s body. Estrogens are responsible for the formation of female genital organs, as well as figures of a certain type. Under the influence of these hormones, the uterine cavity is prepared for implantation of the fetal egg. In the body of a woman, estrogens are produced from the moment of puberty to the menopause. How many types of estrogen are there? In humans, there are three types of estrogens: estradiol, estriol and estrone. They are usually available as injectable steroids and oral steroids.
Meds containing estrogens are prescribed to maintain a woman’s hormonal background at the proper level. They serve as a preventive measure in the period of complications during menopause, when a woman’s body is not able to produce the necessary amount of hormones on its own. The need for the use of hormones occurs in certain forms of cancer, in particular, breast cancer.
Another steroid is progesterone that is also called a pregnancy hormone. If this hormone is too low, it is bad as it can provoke an abortion. And if it’s too high, it’s not good either. The presence of progesterone is necessary for the female body to make pregnancy possible. Progesterone is produced by the yellow body – it is formed in the woman’s ovary after the maturation of the egg. In the event that the fertilization of the ovum has occurred, the yellow body produces progesterone for another three and a half months. Then this function is performed by the placenta. Without progesterone, the uterus could not attach a fetal egg to it, since progesterone creates conditions for attaching the egg to the uterine wall. Meds with progesterone are used for the treatment of such diseases as amenorrhea (absence of menstruation), anovulatory uterine bleeding (menstrual cycle, without egg releasing from the ovary), infertility, etc.
Types of anabolic steroids
There are a huge number of types of anabolic steroids that are used for bodybuilding. These are pharmacological drugs that mimic the effects of two male sex hormones, testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. There are also drugs that mimic the effects of some other male steroid hormones (such as androstenediol), but they are used extremely rarely. There are many names of these drugs, but they are produced on the basis of approximately 30 pharmacological substances. Among them there are:
1) Nandrolone – a drug that has anabolic activity of 150% of testosterone and moderate androgenic activity;
2) Mesterolone – a hormonal drug, which has moderate androgenic activity and significantly enhances erectile function.
3) Andriol – a testosterone medicament in tablets;
4) Primobolan – a drug with 88% anabolic activity of testosterone.
If you are offered to buy such drugs without a prescription, then they are illegal steroids.