Using steroids and anabolic steroids, like any other meds, leads to some undesirable consequences. Therefore, it’s crucial to follow the doctor’s recommendations when administering these medications. Below we’ll tell you about both the positive and negative effects of steroids. In addition, you’ll learn similar information about anabolic steroids. Surely, you’ll be more medicine-wise after reading this article.
Steroids Effects—Benefits of the Use
There are several types of steroids in the form of drugs—corticosteroids, female hormones, and anabolics. Corticosteroids can imitate the impact of hormones, which are synthesized in adrenal glands, located in the upper part of kidneys.
Immunity is suppressed by these medicaments, in particular, by prednisone activity. Such suppression can cause an inability of your immune system to deal with infectious processes effectively, speedily, and easily.
These hormones also help to stabilize an overactive immune system. For example, Prednisone (Deltasone, Prednicot, predniSONE Intensol, Rayos, Sterapred, and Sterapred DS brand names) is a great remedy directed at lessening inflammation of different forms (pain, heat, puffiness, and redness).
Products based on female sex hormones have other steroidal effects—e.g. estradiol has a feminizing effect on the body, it stimulates the development of the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes.
Steroids Side Effects—What Can Happen?
First, let’s talk about the side effects of oral corticosteroids (pills). Consuming these types of steroids affects the whole body, not just in certain areas. The medication dosage also hugely influences the intensity of side effects occurring, among which are:
- Elevation of intraocular pressure (glaucoma)
- Fluid retention leading to leg swelling
- Arterial pressure increasing
- Psychological effects, including abrupt mood changes and behavior disorders
- Rapid weight gaining, especially on face and neck zones
Long-term abuse of oral corticosteroids may provoke the following steroids side effects:
- An elevated level of blood glucose, which can even lead to diabetes
- A severe ophthalmic disease called cataracts
- Vulnerability to infection
- Osteoporosis (thinning bones)
- Reduced rates of hormones produced by adrenal glands
- Thick and pale skin, slow healing of injured body parts
While using inhaled corticosteroids, a patient faces the problem of losing a certain amount of said drug, which settles down in his or her mouth cavity. This leads to the following side effects of steroids:
- Fungal infection in the mouth (oral thrush)
- Hoarseness (hoarse voice)
You shouldn’t swallow water when you spray the inhaler into your mouth. It’s important to avoid irritation in your mouth after taking inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs). Some doctors assure that ICS consumption can be harmful to those children who rely on it to treat asthma, as it can stunt their growth. However, it’s not scientifically proved.
Negative Steroids Effects—What to Look For
Topical corticosteroids cause thin skin, acne, and red lesions—these are problems you may face when applying these preparations.
Injected corticosteroids users may experience adverse, yet temporary effects. These include the following troubles: loss of normal skin tints, difficulty sleeping, dermal thinning, blushing, and blood sugar jumping. The approach to each situation is unique to the individual. According to research, the limitation of the corticosteroid injection period prescribed by a doctor can vary from three to four years.
If you take hormonal drugs like estradiol, side effects may include premenstrual syndrome, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, symptoms of cystitis, etc. in females. Men are subject to breast tenderness, mammary gland sensitivity, gynecomastia, and decreased libido.
Effects of Anabolic Steroids—What Should You Expect
Some athletes use a separate type of steroid, called anabolic androgen steroids (AAS), hoping to develop huge strength and grow the mass of muscles for bodybuilding. Anabolic steroids, including testosterone, are produced naturally in our body. Their artificial variations (such as Oxandrolone tablets) are peddled within bodybuilding communities.
Testosterone impacts our body in two principal directions:
Anabolic effects of anabolic steroids quickened muscle building.
Androgenic effects encourage the development of some male traits, in particular, facial hair growth accompanied by a louder and deeper voice.
Moreover, AAS are also aimed at speeding up the recovery process after intensive and hard training, which allows athletes to work more productively.
Anabolic Side Effects—Unpleasant Circumstances
The main side effects of anabolic steroids include:
- Endogenous testosterone synthesis inhibition (caused, for example, by a Trenbolone cycle or Deca Durabolin)
- Problems with the liver
Increased levels of harmful cholesterol in the blood
- Alopecia (especially if there is a genetic predisposition)
- Virilization (developing masculine signs, therefore, the drugs are better for men than for women)
- Testicular atrophy (with a prolonged, uncontrolled cycle)
These are long-term effects of steroid abuse.
Athletes who take these drugs are also more likely to express aggressiveness, which scares surrounding their peers.