Erectile dysfunction and decreased libidos are a scourge of our times. Driven, perhaps, by multiple complex factors including our lifestyles. Representatives of both sexes can suffer from a decrease in libido.
However, some people have quite the opposite problem, they constantly want sex and become literally addicted to it. Anabolic steroids are drugs that increase the level of the hormone testosterone in the body, which leads to a temporary increase in libido and even to sexual dependence.
Steroids and Sex Addiction in Males
Steroids accelerate all the metabolic processes in the body, allowing athletes to surpass natural physical ability limits. The dependence of sports results on steroidal hormones is obvious and has long been studied, but research into sex during steroids cycle is still relevant and ongoing today.
According to Jessica Y. Kim and Ruth I. Wood (Keck School of Medicine, LA, 2014), AASs increased the sexual urge in male rats. Yates WR, Perry PJ, MacIndoe J et al. (University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Tulsa, 1999) revealed the psychosexual effects of testosterone in normal men cycling in supraphysiological dosages (up to 500 mg·wk-1).
Kashkin KB and Kleber HD at the Substance Abuse Treatment Unit (Connecticut Mental Health Center), in their 1989 scientific article “Hooked on hormones? An anabolic steroid addiction hypothesis” reported that reductions in serum rates of steroid hormones appear to result in acute hyper-adrenergic withdrawal symptoms (similar to the abstinence syndrome in heroin addicts). This information was a boon to the experimentalists.
During an AAS cycle, athletes note an increased sexual desire and stronger erections, due to an increase in the concentration of testosterone in the blood. The increase in libido can be a problem since the use of androgens in large doses can also increase the likelihood of violent actions thanks to higher aggression levels. One male wrote:
“When I’m on a cycle, my libido is so jacked that I contemplate cheating 24 hours a day. I have done it before, but want to stop. My wife can’t keep up when on I’m cycling.”
Hence, anabolic steroids may even cause problems in one solid family relationships.
Many athletes have the following question: “How often and when is it better to have sex during the steroid cycle so as not to reduce the expected beneficial effect?”
Best Time to Have Sex While Using Steroids
Some experts say that the frequency of sexual contact is a matter of individual need and tolerance. During sex, men lose about 57 calories per minute (an average of 300 calories per penetrative sex session) which is comparable to the energy costs of a traditional cardio workout.
Therefore, judgment about the excessive waste of the body’s energy reserves during sex, which negatively influences sports performance and muscle mass gains, is not correct. However, it is not recommended you have sex prior to physical exercise because sexual contact often exhausts the emotional potential of the athlete which can lead to a decrease in the effectiveness of a workout.
According to some experts, it is better to have sex on the day of training just before bedtime. This will relax the body, relieve tension from the central nervous system and skeletal muscles, and improve the quality of sleep.
Steroids and Sex Addiction in Women
According to Bjelica A, Kapamadzija A, Maticki-Sekulić M (Klinika za ginekologiju i akuĕrstvo, Novi Sad, Serbia, 2003), therapy with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and tibolone (Livial and Tibofem brands) had positive effects on the female libido.
Anabolic steroids can lead to increased sexual attraction not only in men but also in women. Testosterone also contributes to increased libido and aggressiveness in women. Therefore, some women may become veritable nymphomaniacs during a cycle. One habitue of anabolic steroid forums wrote:
“WOW! She has turned into a raging sex monster!”
Possible Complications Caused by Steroid Use
Anabolic steroid cycles can lead to a significant increase in libido. However, prolonged use of medication may engender serious side effects. If an athlete uses steroids without PCT for a long time, infertility is a risk.
This is because the testicles stop producing their own (exogenous) hormones because of numerous external (endogenous) hormonal substances in the blood. According to data from seminal fluid research, a significant number of patients may have a complete spermatozoa absence. In others, reproductive system disorders are present to a lesser extent.
Changes in sperm production caused by the use of androgens are usually reversible. However, it may take years to restore the normal amount of sperm after maximal doses of androgens. In most cases, the most efficient and effective method is to stop the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids.
There is no accurate information on how the use of illegal steroids before puberty affects testicular function in the adult state. In this sensitive phase, anabolic-androgenic steroids can cause severe, possibly irreversible, changes to the function of the testes.
As for women, the side effects of steroids may be even more serious. Anabolic meds can lead to irreversible masculinization. This means women begin to acquire masculine features and traits: male-type hair, rough features, bigger musculature, clitoral hypertrophy, etc. After discontinuation of administration, the body cannot return to normalcy.