“Steroids” term includes not only anabolic injections (such as Testoviron depot), anabolic pills, and testosterone gel. There are also a lot of steroid inhaler brands on the market. They are used for eliminating asthma and some other conditions (not for muscle mass gaining). Usually, they are RX drugs (not OTC steroids). Inhalers may be brown & blue. Brown ones are intended for managing symptoms of asthma. Blue ones are fast-acting rescue remedies. In this article, we’ll tell you about top inhaled steroids.
Steroid Inhaler Names: Budesonide
Budesonide (Hypersol, Ribujet, Rinoster, Pulmicort, Budiair, Budineb) is a known medicine among steroid inhaler names. It positively affects the condition of bronchi. Through relaxation of the smooth muscles of the bronchi it provides expanding of airways. The medicament is applied for bronchitis of asthma nature, bronchial asthma, as well as for different types of rhinitis.
Hypersensitivity to the main and auxiliary components of the medicament is the contraindication to its using. Budesonide is not prescribed for children under the age of 6.
The dosages of inhalation therapy should be selected with your healthcare expert, considering the severity of your ailment. For adults, the suitable dose is 0.2-0.8 mg (2-4 inhalations per day). Children, who have reached 6 years take 1 inhalation (0.2 milligrams) daily. 2 inhalations throughout the day is the maximal allowable frequency of administering. For intranasal taking the dose and duration of therapy are selected individually. Using the medication doesn’t require post-cycle treatment with drugs like Clenbuterol as anabolics’ using does.
Steroid Inhaler Names — Fluticasone
Fluticasone (Flovent HFA, Flovent Inhalers) is characterized by anti-inflammatory & antiallergic impact. Nasal spray is widely used for allergic rhinitis curing. Forms of ointments & creams are used for combating such diseases, as eczema, psoriasis, neurodermatoses, bug bites, gnawing pruritus, lupus erythematosus, generalized red skin, etc.
The application of fluticasone nasal spray is prohibited for patients with hypersensitivity to the preparation. The form of ointment is also widespread but indications are different (as you saw above). The remedy is prescribed for both adults and children from 12 years. The appropriate dose is 0.1 mg per day. Spray it into the nasal cavity. Children younger than 11, but older than 4 should spray 0.05 mg once a day. The maximal dose shouldn’t exceed 0.1 milligram in each nasal cavity every day. Cover the affected skin area with a thin layer of ointments and creams 1-2 times daily. The duration of treatment is approximately 14 days, but it can vary according to the patient’s health condition.
Inhaled Steroids List — Mometasone Furoate
Mometasone furoate (Asmanex® HFA and Asmanex® Twisthaler) features anti-exudative, vasoconstrictive and antipruritic effect. It is an efficient remedy for dermatoses (inflammatory or itching) elimination, treating chronic eczema, dermatitis of various types, psoriasis with manifestations of hyperkeratosis. Excessive sensitivity to any constituents is a restriction for the medicament’s application.
Steroid Inhaler Brands — Beclomethasone
What is a beclomethasone? This is a pharmaceutical of glucocorticoid nature for patients from the age of 6. It helps to liquidate asthma, edema, inflammatory processes, and allergy. It is released in sprays for nasal inhalation and as a powder.
Beclomethasone spray is forbidden for stopping nose bleeding, if the person suffers from systemic infections, diathesis of hemorrhagic nature, herpetic eye damage and severe respiratory disorders. It is also cann’t be used in case of acute spasm of bronchial tubes, asthma attacks and bronchitis of non-asthmatic nature. The dose is not standard and is selected in accordance with the ailment’s severity. Its brand names include Vanceril, Beclovent (discontinued), and Qvar.
Steroid Inhaler Brands — Symbicort Turbuhaler
Symbicort Turbuhaler belongs to both corticosteroids & β2-agonist. Healthcare specialists prescribe it for patients with asthma. There are 2 main drug’s components: budesonide & formoterol. Taking of glucocorticosteroid budesonide causes immediate anti-inflammatory effect on the respiratory apparatus. Formoterol, which is a selective stimulator of β₂-adrenergic receptors, triggers bronchi’s musculature relaxation in patients with reversible obstruction of the airway lumen.
All preparation’s forms are prohibited for 6-year-olds and younger children, some forms aren’t intended even for older ones. Hypersensitive response to the drug’s agentsor its supplementary components is an impermissible factor for using it. Adult persons & children after 12 are allowed to take the dose of maximum two inhalations two times a day. Individually effectiveness may be observed with one daily inhalation.
Steroid Inhaler Brands — Seretide Diskus
Seretide Diskus (Seretide Accuhaler) is also included into the inhaled steroids list. It is an anti-asthmatic medicament containing salmeterol and fluticasone. Salmeterol as a selective beta2-adrenomimetic prevents the development of bronchospasm. The glucocorticosteroid drug fluticasone has an anti-inflammatory influence. Hypersensitivity to salmeterol and fluticasone is a key reason for stopping using the med.
The severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary condition determines the dose of the drug, the minimum effective dose should be considered. Adults use a doubling dose of the medication, children over 4 – one inhalation 2 times in a day.
Steroid Inhaler Side Effects — Comprehensive List
Budesonide steroid inhaler side effects include:
- fungal infection, pharynx inflammation, coughing;
- migraine, tremor, dizziness, problems with sleep, anxiety, muscle cramps, intermittent heartbeat;
- hives, exanthema, spasm of bronchi, itch;
- behavior disorders, dispiritedness;
- adrenal function suppression, bone mineral density rapid deterioration, growth retardation;
- augmented intraocular pressure, cataract.
Вryness & irritation of the mucous surface of the nasopharynx can be induced by Fluticasone and mometasone furoate. They also provoke burning and nosebleeds. Ointment can prompt allergic contact dermatitis and local allergies.
Adverse events’ spectrum of beclomethasone is rather diverse. It includes oral cavity fungal infections, coughing, sore throat, allergies. Its spray form is dangerous for the possibility of dryness & irritation of the mucous membranes, fungal infections, nosebleeds. Systemic negative consequences are inevitable in case of durable use.
Symbicort causes not severe throat irritation, candidiasis of the mucous membranes of the mouth and pharynx, hoarseness, bronchospasm, atrial fibrillation, irregular heartbeat, angina, etc. Seretide Diskus is harmful for paradoxical bronchospasm occurrence with an immediate dyspnea after inhalation. You have to use bronchodilators to stop its development.