Corticosteroids can cause side effects of steroids including allergies. These drugs are divided into several classes by chemical structure. This division is convenient for determining the presence of allergic reactions of the patient to a particular medication. Let’s try to clarify this issue.
Classes of corticosteroids
Corticosteroid classification is based on their structure. Experts use a specific compound when screening hormones to determine their reactions. Patch test is conducted to find out if a patient is allergic to a particular topical steroid. If its result is positive the person is also allergic to other steroids within the same class.
- Hydrocortisone (acetate). This medicine has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-edematous effects. Hydrocortisone steroid cream is used in the treatment of dermatitis, inflammatory skin processes, infected wounds.
- Methylprednisolone. Being an analogue of prednisolone it is close to it by activity, but almost does not have mineralocorticoid (sodium retention) action, which provides better tolerability.
- Prednisolone. It is a synthetic drug belonging to the group of glucocorticosteroids, which has anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive action, surpassing that of cortisone The medication is produced in several forms: ointment, tablets and injections.
- Tixocortol pivalate. These corticosteroids are used for corticosteroid allergen skin tests.
- Oral cloprednol. It is a synthetic glucocorticosteroid that has a systemic effect. In the 1970s, it was researched for use in the treatment of asthma. However, now it is not prescribed, apparently because of its potential danger and / or low efficiency.
- Oral fludrocortisone acetate. It is an active synthetic mineralocorticoid. Indications for its use include primary adrenocortical insufficiency (Addison’s disease, condition after complete adrenalectomy), secondary adrenocortical insufficiency, adrenogenital syndrome.
- Oral methylprednisolone. The description of methylprednisolone has been presented above. This form has a systemic effect.
- Oral prednisolone. Prednisolone tablets can be used after injection-based relief of acute conditions and in other cases.
The test substance for determining the tolerability of all of the above medicines is tixocortol pivalate.
1. Amcinonide. This glucocorticoid is intended for external use. Indications include non-infectious inflammatory skin diseases and itching.
2. Desonide. It is a corticosteroid drug used to reduce the severity of symptoms such as irritation, inflammation, swelling, redness of the skin, or itching caused by certain skin conditions.
3. Fluocinolone acetonide. It is a medicine which is also used in dermatology with the purpose of treating inflammation of the skin.
4. Halcinonide. This topical corticosteroid has a very pronounced effect, which is why it was included in group II under US classification.
5. Triamcinolone (acetonide, diacetate). It is used to treat a variety of diseases, not just the skin ones. The medication is produced in the form of ointment, tablets, or cream.
6. Oral budesonide. It is used to treat certain intestine diseases. While budesonide does not cure these diseases, it can reduce some symptoms like pain & diarrhea.
7. Oral triamcinolone. It is a prescription medication that is used to treat painful lesions in the mouth.
The test substances for determining the tolerance to the above medicines are budesonide and triamcinolone.
1. Clocortolone pivalate. It is a topical medication that is available in the form of cream and is used to treat eczema.
2. Desoximetasone. It is a topical medication that is used to treat dermatitis.
3. Oral betamethasone. It is a drug with a systemic action that is used to treat a number of diseases, in particular rheumatoid arthritis.
4. Oral dexamethasone. It is a very popular medication which is used, in particular for the treatment of allergies, asthma, kidney disorders, etc.
- Alclometasone dipropionate. This skin steroid is used to treat inflammation & itching caused by a number of skin conditions like allergic reactions, and eczema.
- Betamethasone dipropionate. It is applied in the form of cream, ointment, lotion or gel in order to treat itching and other insignificant skin conditions like eczema.
- Betamethasone valerate. It is also a topical remedy used to relieve redness, itching, swelling, and other discomfort sensations caused by skin diseases.
- Clobetasol propionate. Not only testosterone propionate is released in form of propionic acid. Clobetasol like testosterone propionate is produced in the form of propionic acid. This med is a topical one, it is used for skin conditions.
- Clobetasone butyrate. It is another topical steroid.
- Diflorasone diacetate. It also belongs to topical steroid group.
- Fluticasone propionate. It is most often used as a steroid nasal spray, although it can also be used for skin conditions.
- Mometasone furoate. It is used for both skin diseases and asthma.
- Oral/IM betamethasone. It is used to treat various systemic diseases.
The test substance for determining the tolerance to these medicines is clobetasol-17-propionate.
- Hydrocortisone buteprate (a topical steroid).
- Hydrocortisone butyrate (a topical cortisone-like medicine, which is available in 2 main forms).
- Hydrocortisone valerate (a topical drug).
- Prednicarbate (a relatively new topical steroid drug).
- Hydrocortisone valerate (a medium-strength topical corticosteroid).
The test substance for these meds is hydrocortisone-17-butyrate.
People can be allergic to corticosteroids belonging to one or several classes. Specialists distinguish the following cross-reactions: Class A with Class D2; Budesonide with Class D2.