In baseball, steroids began to be considered banned substances in 1991, but the premier league players’ PED tests did not begin until the 2003 season. Experts believe “the Steroids Era” in the baseball began in the early eighties, which led to a demonstrative increase in productivity in the offense, especially the number of long-range hits. For example, in 1961-1994, nobody managed to knock out 50 home runs per season, whereas in 1997 this record was beaten by two players at once. These were Mark McGwire & Sammy Sosa. Did Sammy use banned steroids? Or is it just hearsay?
Short Biography of Sammy Sosa
Samuel Kelvin Peralta Sosa is a Dominican baseball player, nicknamed “Slammin’ Sammy” by the Cubs announcer Chip Caray. His birth was in 1968 in the Dominican Republic (Batey community, Consuelo). He broke into the main league with the Texas Rangers, then in 1989 he started playing for the Chicago White Sox (both teams were in the US League). In 1992 the guy changed his team again, becoming a Chicago Cubs player (national league). In 2005, the sportsman played one season for the Orioles, the team performing in the American League East division. Then in 2007 he returned to the main league with the Texas Rangers.
A strong right fielder, who took many bases, was a crowd-pleaser for a long time. However, in 1998, Sammy Sosa & Mark McGwire were highly advertised for breaking the homerun record for the season. Earlier this record belonged to Roger Eugene Maris (61 homeruns). McGwire ended the game with 78 homeruns, while Sosa with 66 ones. Their amiable contest was widely discussed.
Sammy achieved the title of the most valuable sportsman in the MLB. In 1999, the athlete became the first player to keep the number of homeruns above 60 for two seasons. However, McGwire was ahead of him. (in 2010, “Big Mac” admitted that he dabbled with illegal steroids.)
In 2000, Sosa made 50 homeruns in the US league, and in 2001 he hit 64, becoming the first baseball player who hit over 60 home runs per season for three seasons. Prior to that, Slammin’ became the second baseball player in the MLB history (after McGwire), gaining over 50 homeruns in four seasons in a row. During his career, the right fielder made 600 HRs.
The reputation of Slammin’ Sammy was worsened in 2003, when he was accused of using a banned corked bat (a specially remodeled baseball bat filled with cork to decrease the weight). In addition, he was suspected of using illicit substances, which further worsened his reputation even more.
Sammy Sosa’s Skin Whitening
In 2009, the athlete appeared on a music awards show and people noticed that his skin was much whiter than it was a few months ago. The huge rumors around this appearance of the former baseball player forced Sammy to visit Spanish-language TV and deny that he was ill and that he hates being black and that his skin color has changed because of steroid injections. The sportperson reported that he had been applying special cream for skin bleaching. Moreover, according to him, bright TV lights made his face appearance less black than it really was. The former melanin-filled man also said that he does not think that he looks like the “King of Pop” Michael Jackson.
Did Sammy Sosa Use Steroids or Other Performance-Improving Meds?
In 2005, the baseballer participated in a congressional hearing on anabolics in baseball. However, an attorney spoke for him (seemingly because his client wasn’t fluent in English).
In 2009, the NY Times published information that Sosa was allegedly on the list of sportsmen who failed the med test in 2003 to improve performance. However, the NY Times didn’t indicate the source of the data or the medication that Sammy allegedly used. Sosa’s agent told the media that he has no comments.
In the fall of 2016, at a conference in Fenway Park, MLB commissioner Rob Manfred told journalists that the anonymous test for the use of drugs to increase productivity in 2003 was unconvincing. He said it was difficult to distinguish illegal steroids from certain remedies that were legal, available without a doctor’s prescription (OTC steroids), and were not banned according to the rules of the MLB. Manfred said it is great that folks understand that even if the name of a particular athlete was on the 2003 list, it is possible that he didn’t use banned substances. In addition, the commissioner argued that the 2003 test should have been confidential and its results should not have been disclosed. Therefore, in his opinion, it is unfair to evaluate baseball athletes on the basis of canards & unconfirmed positive results of anti-doping testings.
What Does Sammy Think About This?
In early 2017 Sosa told a columnist: “I never failed a drug test. Never in my life.” He also compared steroid allegations to persecution of Jesus Christ. In 2018, he was again asked about PEDs, as reported by ABCnews. And he again deflected the question, telling Jeremy Schaap: “No, I never missed any test at the major league level”. Damon Amendolara at CBS Sports Radio said in June 2018 that Sosa should just admit he did steroids. Amendolara believes that he is a dodgy person who lies through his teeth and creates notoriety.
Therefore, we cannot argue that shifty Sammy Sosa used steroids, such as Winstrol, Turinabol and testosterone enanthate. There are currently no cogent evidence. But if we take into account the proven facts of using steroids in baseball by other sportsmen, the idea appears that perhaps Sammy has deceived us. Many players either refused to discuss the steroid issue or said that they did not use steroids. But later it turned out that this was not so.