One of the most widespread remedies for treating such symptoms as stuffiness in nose and bunged up nose are nasal sprays containing steroids. They are especially effective for those, who suffer from allergies, which affect nose (for example, hay fever) or nose inflammation (rhinitis). Sprays based on steroids act by minimizing very unpleasant swelling in the nose liquidating mucus in it. In situation of hay fever, you need to apply the medication several months per year. If the problem with nose is more severe, longer using is demanded. Where to buy these drugs? There are many places offering steroid nasal sprays. They are sold both in large supermarkets and in local apothecaries. Also, the drugs may be both non-prescription (over-the-counter) or RX.
Steroid Nasal Spray — What Is This?
A steroid nasal spray is a special bottled solution with a nebulizer which allows for dispersing the necessary amount of content inside the nose. The main component of this substance is a special steroid type. This remedy is aimed at eliminating edema and accumulated mucus in the organ. This tool is characterized by extreme efficiency. The preparation works locally, it has no impact on the other body’s areas, which makes it absolutely safe in this regard.
The nasal spray based on steroid is used for treating the following symptoms:
- Running nose.
- Congested nose.
- Irritated nose.
The reasons for the symptoms, mentioned above may include:
- Nose allergies, in particular, hay fever.
- Inflammatory reactions(rhinitis).
- Polyps inside the nose.
A great number of steroidal nose sprays, including Pulmicort and triamcinolone, exist on the pharmaceutical market. Numerous corporations manufacture such sprays under the following brand names: Beconase, Flonase, Zetonna, Qnasl, Nasonex, Nasarel, Nasoflo, Dymista, Flomist, Vancenase, Veramyst, etc.
Are they dangerous? The medications don’t belong to the group of anabolic steroids (for example, Sustanon 250), which are in high demand among athletes, desperately trying to enlarge musculature and enhance their performance. The most correct name for nasal sprays, based on steroids, is corticosteroids. The latter are produced artificially, but resemble cortisol (which may stop weight loss), produced naturally by our organism. These relatively innocuous remedies have gained enormous popularity among fighters with allergies and other nasal disorders.
How to Use Nasal Steroid Spray?
Here are recommendations, concerning the application of this medicament:
- Make sure your nose is free from nasal discharge and shake up the bottle.
- Slightly bow your head forward.
- Hold the package with the medicine upright.
- Enter the spray tip into the naris. When applying sprays (once or twice), make sure the other nostril is closed.
- Avoid sharp breath after the manipulation to prevent the liquid from getting into the throat.
- Locate the spray tip directly in the nose. Twisting it to the right or left is prohibited.
- Similarly, squirt the medicine into the second naris.
Do you have an extremely stuffy nose? Unfortunately, nasal congestion, like a runny nose interferes with the effective drug’s influence. In such situations, healthcare specialists recommend applying a decongestant spray, available in any chemist’s shop. One of the main components of this preparation is xylometazoline (decongestant medicine), which will clean out the nose. After that, you can use a steroid spray.
Remember: decongestant sprays are recommended for a short period (several days only) because prolonged use is fraught with the appearance of edema. Steroid sprays do not provoke serious complications and they can be taken much longer.
How Does Steroid Nasal Spray Work?
You will experience visible effect in a couple of days. Do not expect relief immediately (no miracle will happen). The organism needs time to recognize the substance; few weeks are required.
That is why, to strike hay fever, start a treatment session a week or slightly more before the allergy season begins.
How Much Time Does the Treatment with Nasal Steroid Spray Take?
If this remedy serves as a hay fever signs eliminator, the therapy should be prolonged to several months (depending on the duration of the disease). If you have chronic rhinitis, the course will last much longer.
Don’t be afraid of the extended therapy. Even if the symptoms disappear, you need to maintain the desired state and preclude dysfunction’s activation. Lower dosage after liquidating the symptoms may be prescribed.The aim of the continuous course is discovering the most appropriate dosage, which will prevent the reverse appearance of symptoms.
Steroid Nasal Spray Side Effects
Mayo Clinic assures that adverse actions can be induced by any nasal steroid spray. Dryness is a frequent unpleasant condition. More severe unwished problems include running nose, stomach functions deterioration, headaches, nosebleeds and sneezing. RX List illustrates that 3 percent of patients experience a sensation of unease, dizziness, throwing up, cough, watery eye, nasal stuffiness, asthma, sore throat, painful sensations during menstruation, and URTI. If you notice any steroid nasal spray side effects, see a doctor compulsory, don’t put your valuable health at significant risk.
Unfortunately, any steroid–based spray negatively impacts the immunity, thus increasing the probability of getting various infections. If you have contacted people suffering from varicella or measles virus, always inform the specialist. Intranasal corticosteroids, which are spray’s constituents, have damaging effect on eyes, provoke irritation, dryness, blurred vision, severe eye ailments development, increase intraocular pressure. However, according to Ali Şimşek, Cem Bayraktar, Sedat Doğan et al. (Adıyaman University Research, 2016), new generation intranasal corticosteroids are associated with low risk of intraocular pressure elevation. Ulcers and fleshy swellings of the nose are non-frequent.
Nasal septum perforation occurring in patients, who participated in clinical trials, has been documented. Besides, some people, who take budesonide, also face this problem. This is a very dangerous disfunction, which can cause nose bleeding, nasal discharge and whistling when breathing. Sometimes surgery is needed to handle this adverse event.
There are reports about the appearance of hypersensitivity allergic reactions (itching, non-explained rash, urticaria, swelling, anaphylaxis and angioedema). Be sure to consult a physician if you face any of them.
Some research proves that long-lasted use of nasal steroids, and their abuse, cause the deterioration of adrenal glands (paranephros) functioning. This organ provides cortisol emission, which plays a crucial role in regulating the response to stresses, metabolism, sex drive, salt & water content and the glucose level.
For Whom is Steroid Nasal Spray Unadvisable?
You can freely apply the spray if it doesn’t elicit allergies. Be especially careful if you:
- Have recently experienced nose surgical intervention;
- Suffer from nose infection;
- Are pregnant or breastfeeding;
- Have pulmonary tuberculosis.
Seek advice from a clinician if you want to undergo the treatment. Note: always warn your prescriber about all drugs you take (for instance, Clomiphene, Desmopressin, and so on).