The balanced concentration of hormones and other substances in the human body ensures the normal operation of all systems and organs in the body. Excess testosterone in men is as dangerous as its deficiency.
Testosterone (T hormone) is one the most important male hormones, which is responsible for the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics. When penetrating the target cells, testosterone is converted to the active form-dihydrotestosterone. Deficiency of T hormone causes libido decreasing, problems with the conception of the child and appearing of a female outline of the figure. The lack of a hormone provokes baldness.
When the level of testosterone is low, there is an overabundance of female hormones in the male organism. High level of the male hormone causes insomnia, incontinence and reduces activity. Both conditions have a negative impact on the health of men, so they require special attention.
High testosterone causes – when does the hormone increase?
An increase in the concentration of testosterone is observed under the following conditions:
- Cushing’s disease;
- testicle tumors;
- pituitary tumors;
- hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex;
- resistance to androgens;
- taking certain medications (including steroids for sale, such as testosterone pills), therefore, think twice before buying Mesterolone, for example.
Other high testosterone causes include some types of cancer and hereditary diseases.
High testosterone symptoms in males
Hormonal imbalance can manifest itself in different ways. High levels of testosterone are most often detected in professional athletes who use the hormone to build muscle.
The main signs of high testosterone in men:
- excessive rudeness;
- problems with sleeping;
- feeling of aggression;
- Inadequacy of behavior;
- regular headaches;
- Lack of self-preservation;
- liver dysfunction;
- violation of the heart rate;
- problems with the cardiovascular system;
- Acne rashes;
- excessive body hair;
- deterioration of urination.
Cardiovascular problems sometimes cause the appearance of thrombi and heart attacks. Upset bladder often accompanied by an increase of the prostate.
The worst consequence of the overabundance of the male hormone is a decrease in the functionality of the testicles and atrophy, which leads to the inability to conceive a child. These consequences may occur in cases of severe abusing of anabolics, such as methenolone.
In the adolescent period, excess testosterone causes slowing growth and breaking down of the brain cells.
If a man has noticed at least one of the high testosterone symptoms, he needs to contact a treating specialist immediately. The doctor assigns the appropriate diagnosis. The most effective method is the observance of globulin, which binds sex hormones (SHGG). The concentration of this globulin depends on several factors:
- liver condition;
- estrogens and androgens;
- androgen therapy;
- adrenal function;
- thyroid function.
A venous blood sample is taken. Before it, the patient should not smoke at least 1 hour and have physical and moral rest. The norm of SHBG in a man is from 13 to 71 nmol/l. If the results show low values of globulin, then testosterone is elevated.
In addition to SHBG, a test for free testosterone is performed too. The analysis is effective at early-onset puberty, tumors in the testicles, adrenal gland tumors and infertility diagnosis. Normally, the free testosterone level should be 1-2%.
Treatment of high testosterone in men
If the diagnostic test confirms the doctor’s assumptions about the excess of the male hormone, the appropriate treatment is prescribed.
It is worth noting that attacks of aggression, constant sexual attraction and irritability can be overcome simply by stopping the use of drugs that contribute to the buildup of muscle mass in athletes.
Therapy of high testosterone in men includes 4 main components:
- Diet. Eat right food, avoid trans fats, energy drinks, and other potentially harmful products.
Moderate physical activity. The stabilization of the male hormone level is favorably affected by regular exercise, long walks and running in the fresh air.
- Surgical intervention. This method is the only way to eliminate adrenocortical adenoma. If the tumor is benign, the prognosis after surgery can be positive. In early puberty, which causes neoplasm from interstitial cells located in the testicles, an operation is also performed. After removing the tumor, the hormonal background gradually comes back to normal.
- Drug treatment. An increased level of testosterone, caused by the synthesis of androgen hormones and premature puberty, can be treated with some hormonal remedies. According to scientific studies and patients’ reviews, these remedies suppress the pituitary gland and reduce the production of gonadotropins.
High testosterone diet – can it be harmful?
You have probably heard about high testosterone diet. What does it mean? It is suggested that some foods can significantly increase the testosterone levels in the blood. Potential testosterone-boosting foods include tuna, low-fat milk with vitamin D, egg yolks, fortified cereals, oysters, shellfish, beef, and beans. However, the diet does not affect testosterone levels directly. It improves general functions of the body due to the high content of vitamins and minerals. If you suffer from high T, you can eat these products but in not large amounts.
Signs of high testosterone in women & treatment methods
In the female body, testosterone is responsible for: the formation of bone tissue (prevents the development of osteoporosis); regulation of fat and muscle mass; maintaining the energy level of the body; sexual desire. Increased testosterone in women is diagnosed much more often than in men, and is designated by the term “hyperandrogenemia” in medicine. As a result of hormonal imbalance, a woman’s menstrual cycle is broken, there is no ovulation and, as a consequence, functional infertility develops.
In case of increased testosterone, a woman’s sleep is disturbed, the likelihood of developing diabetes and complicated labor is increased. The main signs of increased testosterone in women:
- excessive hairiness (hair appears on the fingers, back, hands, face);
- on the head, the hair is actively falling out;
- the timbre of the voice becomes lower and coarser;
- the skin thickens, becomes oily and becomes covered with acne;
- the figure acquires masculine outlines;
- the clitoris can greatly increase and grow beyond the sexual lips.
In addition to changes in physiology, a woman also has a change in her behavior – aggressiveness, ambition, aspiration for leadership. A woman becomes addicted to gambling and abuse of alcoholic beverages.
An increased level of testosterone in women can be caused by various tumors, malnutrition, hereditary predisposition, side effects of over the steroids (such as Anavar and Proviron) and hyperactive cortical adrenal glands. During pregnancy, increasing testosterone levels is considered normal, since this hormone promotes the fetal growth in combination with other female sex hormones. The maximum testosterone rates are observed in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is necessary to monitor the concentration of the hormone in the blood closely, since excessive amounts of testosterone may lead to pregnancy loss.
Treatment of high testosterone in women may include some medical remedies. For correction of high testosterone in women Diane-35 (Cyproterone) and Dexamethasone are used. With this therapy, hormone levels become normal quickly.
After treatment, it is necessary to take the test and monitor the concentration of the hormone regularly, because after stopping hormone therapy, testosterone may rise again. In this case, you need to look for the root cause of this disorder.